Smart City: Do we have enough standards?

| Dr. Anil Roy

A survey document on the industry connections activity initiation document (ICAID) of the IEEE Gujarat Section

Gone are the days of smart devices. Here comes the age of smart cities. In layman’s terms, smart cities are driven by intelligent sensors, machine-to-machine connections, and efficient and secured decision support systems that all ultimately result in increased productivity and a happy life.

So, what is the way forward if we want to implement the beautiful concept of a smart city into our city? It is too complex, too connected, and dependent upon so many other services, applications, and platforms. It deals with huge data. Its decision support systems should be as dynamic as possible. Resources have to be planned in the most optimized form. And above all, it has to ensure the safety and security of citizens and their data. In this highly entangled environment, where it is too difficult to think of a single centralized control room, all technology platforms should have interoperability such that applications can move from one platform to another seamlessly. This necessitates the availability of industrial standards. There are standards in each and every domain, but do we have standards across all domains? That is the biggest challenge in front of technology drivers. Industrial standards for sensors, and ultimately standards for the smart city, need to evolve.

IEEE standards that are available and have direct relevance to the application segments and verticals of a smart city are presented in the following table.[1] However, other applicable standards may exist.

SEGMENT & IEEE STANDARDS WITH DESCRIPTIONS

1. Connected Vehicles

Transport Electrification
1547 Series Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems
1901 Series A standard for high-speed communication devices via electric power lines, so-called broadband over power line (BPL) devices, is defined
2030 Series This series provides alternative approaches and best practices for achieving smart grid interoperability
P1562 Guide for Array and Battery Sizing in Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (PV) Systems
Intelligent Transport Systems
802.11 IEEE Standard for Information Technology–Telecommunications and information exchange between systems–Local and metropolitan area networks: Wireless LAN medium access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications
1616 A performance standard for MVEDR data collection, storage, and retrieval, to ensure that comparable event data parameters are generated by all vehicles, is described
Connectivity
802.2 IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks–Media Independent Handover Services
802.22 Standard for wireless regional area network (WRAN) using white spaces in the television (TV) frequency spectrum
802.3 IEEE Standard for Ethernet
802.15 Series A working group of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the IEEE 802 standards committee specifies wireless personal area network (WPAN) standards; includes seven task groups
Vehicular Network
1609 IEEE Guide for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE)–Architecture
1609.1 Trial-Use Standard for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE)–Resource Manager
1609.11 IEEE Standard for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE)–Over-the-Air Electronic Payment Data Exchange Protocol for Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS)
1609.12 IEEE Standard for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE)–Identifier Allocations
1609.2 IEEE Standard for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments–Security Services for Applications and Management Messages
1609.3 IEEE Standard for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE)–Networking Services
1609.4 IEEE Standard for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE)–Multi-Channel Operation
Smart Rail
11-2000 IEEE Standard for Rotating Electric Machinery for Rail and Road Vehicles
16-2004 IEEE Standard for Electrical and Electronic Control Apparatus on Rail Vehicles
1473 IEEE Standard for Communications Protocol aboard Passenger Trains
1474 Communications Based Train Control (CBTC)
1475 IEEE Standard for the Functioning of Interfaces among Propulsion, Friction Brake, and Rain-Borne Master Control on Rail Rapid Transit Vehicles
1476 IEEE Standard for Passenger Train Auxiliary Power Systems Interfaces
1477 IEEE Standard for Passenger Information System for Rail Transit Vehicles
1482.1 IEEE Standard for Rail Transit Vehicle Event Recorders
1483 IEEE Standard for Verification of Vital Functions in Processor-Based Systems Used in Rail Transit Control

2. Consumer Connectivity

Smart Grid into Home Devices
1675 IEEE Standard for Broadband over Power Line Hardware
1775 IEEE Standard for Power Line Communication Equipment–Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Requirements–Testing and Measurement Methods
1901 IEEE Standard for Broadband over Power Line Networks: Medium Access Control and Physical Layer Specifications
1901.2 IEEE Standard for Low-Frequency (less than 500 kHz) Narrowband Power Line Communications for Smart Grid Applications
2030 IEEE Guide for Smart Grid Interoperability of Energy Technology and Information Technology Operation with the Electric Power System (EPS), End-Use Applications, and Loads
Home Networking Standard
1815 IEEE Standard for Electric Power Systems Communications–Distributed Network Protocol (DNP3)
1905.1 IEEE Standard for a Convergent Digital Home Network for Heterogeneous Technologies
1901 Series A standard for high-speed communication devices via electric power lines, so-called broadband over power line (BPL) devices, is defined
802 Series IEEE 802 refers to a family of IEEE standards dealing with local area networks and metropolitan area networks

P1901.2

This standard specifies communications for low frequency (less than 500 kHz) narrowband power line devices via alternating current and direct current electric power lines. This standard supports indoor and outdoor communications over low voltage lines (lines between transformer and meter, less than 1000 V), through a transformer low-voltage to medium-voltage (1000 V up to 72 kV), and through transformer medium-voltage to low-voltage power lines in both urban and in long distance (multi-kilometer) rural communications.
3D Video Standards

P3333.1

IEEE Approved Draft Standard for the Quality of Experience (QoE) and Visual Comfort Assessments of Three Dimensional (3D) Contents Based on Psychophysical Studies
 Mobile Video Standards

802.11

IEEE Standard for Information Technology–Telecommunications and information exchange between systems–Local and metropolitan area networks: Wireless LAN medium access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications
2200 IEEE Standard Protocol for Stream Management in Media Client Devices
P1858 Standard for Camera Phone Image Quality (CPIQ)
P1907.1 Standard for Network-Adaptive Quality of Experience (QoE) Management Scheme for Real-Time Mobile Video Communications

3. Green Technology

Green Community Network
1888 IEEE Standard for Ubiquitous Green Community Control Network Protocol
P1888.1

Standard for a Ubiquitous Community Network: Control and Management

P1888.2 Standard for Ubiquitous Green Community Control Network: Heterogeneous Networks Convergence and Scalability
P1888.3 Standard for Ubiquitous Green Community Control Network: Security
P1888.4 Green Smart Home and Residential Quarter Control Network Protocol
Environment Product Assessment
1680 IEEE Standard for Environmental Assessment of Electronic Products

1680.1

IEEE Standard for Environmental Assessment of Personal Computer Products, Including Notebook Personal Computers, Desktop Personal Computers, and Personal Computer Displays
1680.2 IEEE Standard for Environmental Assessment of Imaging Equipment
1680.3 IEEE Standard for Environmental Assessment of Televisions
Smart Metering

1377

IEEE Standard for Utility Industry Metering Communication Protocol Application Layer (End Device Data Tables)

1701

IEEE Standard for Optical Port Communication Protocol to Complement the Utility Industry End Device Data Tables

1703

IEEE Standard for Local Area Network/Wide Area Network (LAN/WAN) Node Communication Protocol to Complement the Utility Industry End Device Data Tables

3001.8

IEEE Recommended Practice for the Instrumentation and Metering of Industrial and Commercial Power Systems
P1704 Standard for Utility Industry End Device Communications Module

P1705

Standard for Compliance Testing Standard for Utility Industry Metering Communications Protocol Standards

P3005.7

Recommended Practice for the Application of Metering for Energy Management of Industrial and Commercial Power Systems
Smart Grid

1547 Series

Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems

1901 Series

A standard for high-speed communication devices via electric power lines, so-called broadband over power line (BPL) devices, is defined

P1901.2

IEEE Standard for Low-Frequency (less than 500 kHz) Narrowband Power Line Communications for Smart Grid Applications

2030 Series

This series provides alternative approaches and best practices for achieving smart grid interoperability
Energy Efficient Communications Networking
802.1 IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks

802.11

IEEE Standard for Information Technology–Telecommunications and information exchange between systems–Local and metropolitan area networks: Wireless LAN medium access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications
802.16 Broadband Wireless MANs

802.22

A standard for wireless regional area networks (WRANs) using white spaces in the television (TV) frequency spectrum
802.3 IEEE Standard for Ethernet
802.15.4 IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks–Part 15.4: Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (LR-WPANs)

1815 Series

IEEE Standard for Electric Power Systems Communications–Distributed Network Protocol (DNP3)
1901 IEEE Standard for Broadband over Power Line Networks: Medium Access Control and Physical Layer Specifications

P1904.1

Standard for Service Interoperability in Ethernet Passive Optical Networks (SIEPONs)
Renewable Energy Generation

937

IEEE Recommended Practice for Installation and Maintenance of Lead-Acid Batteries for Photovoltaic (PV) Systems

1013

 

IEEE Recommended Practice for Sizing Lead-Acid Batteries for Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (PV) Systems

1361

IEEE Guide for Selection, Charging, Test, and Evaluation of Lead-Acid Batteries Used in Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (PV) Systems

1526

IEEE Recommended Practice for Testing the Performance of Stand-Alone Photovoltaic Systems

1561

IEEE Guide for Optimizing the Performance and Life of Lead-Acid Batteries in Remote Hybrid Power Systems

1562

IEEE Guide for Array and Battery Sizing in Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (PV) Systems

1661

IEEE Guide for Test and Evaluation of Lead-Acid Batteries Used in Photovoltaic (PV) Hybrid Power Systems

P1595

Standard for Designating and Quantifying Green Energy Projects in the Electricity Sector

P1797

Guide for Design and Application of Solar Technology in Commercial Power Generating Stations

PC57.159

IEEE Draft Guide on Transformers for Application in Distributed Photovoltaic (DPV) Power Generation Systems
Energy Efficiency

1621

IEEE Standard for User Interface Elements in Power Control of Electronic Devices Employed in Office/Consumer Environments
1801 IEEE Standard for Design and Verification of Low-Power Integrated Circuits
P1823 IEEE Standard for Universal Power Adapter for Mobile Devices

P1889

Guide for Evaluating and Testing the Electrical Performance of Energy Saving Devices
P2030.5 Standard for Smart Energy Profile Application Protocol
Safety from Hazardous Radiation

C95.1

IEEE Standard for Safety Levels with Respect to Human Exposure to Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields, 3 kHz to 300 GHz

C95.1-2345

IEEE Standard for Military Workplaces–Force Health Protection Regarding Personnel Exposure to Electric, Magnetic, and Electromagnetic Fields, 0 Hz to 300 GHz
C95.2 IEEE Standard for Radio-Frequency Energy and Current-Flow Symbols

C95.3

American National Standard Techniques and Instrumentation for the Measurement of Potentially Hazardous Electromagnetic Radiation at Microwave Frequencies

C95.3

IEEE Recommended Practice for Measurements and Computations of Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields With Respect to Human Exposure to Such Fields, 100 kHz to 300 GHz

C95.3.1

IEEE Recommended Practice for Measurements and Computations of Electric, Magnetic, and Electromagnetic Fields with Respect to Human Exposure to Such Fields, 0 Hz to 100 kHz

C95.4

IEEE Recommended Practice for Determining Safe Distances From Radio Frequency Transmitting Antennas When Using Electric Blasting Caps During Explosive Operations

C95.5

American National Standard Recommended Practice for the Measurement of Hazardous Electromagnetic Fields–RF and Microwave

C95.6

IEEE Standard for Safety Levels With Respect to Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, 0–3 kHz
C95.7 IEEE Recommended Practice for Radio Frequency Safety Programs, 3 kHz to 300 GHz

 

 

The IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) should form focus groups to study and report if these standards allow interoperability. If not, respective working groups are to be formed that will work on protocols to ensure the interoperability of these standards.

Besides IEEE, there are many organizations that have been developing standards in one or many of the verticals pertaining to a smart city, e.g., AIM (Association for Automatic Identification and Mobility); ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineers); BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards); BSI (British Standards Institution); CITS (Collaboration on ITS Communication Standards); ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute); IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force); IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission); ISO (International Organization for Standardization); ITU (International Telecommunication Union); ITU-T (International Telecommunication Union Standardization Sector); NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology); OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium); SAC (Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China); SDO (Standards Development Organization); SEG (Systems Evaluation Group); SIGGRAPH (Special Interest Group for Computer GRAPHics); UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change); and the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium).

The ITU has set up the “Focus Group on Smart Sustainable Cities.”[1] This group has published over twenty technical reports on different topics belonging to the overall smart city domain, along with its “Standardization Roadmap for Smart Sustainable Cities.”[2] These are valuable reports to give all stakeholders a deep insight into the concept of a smart city before they decide to turn the concept into reality. Otherwise, the project of building a smart city may become another mere city with some automation and fancy sensor-based applications. Some of them, for reference, are:

  1. Standardization roadmap for smart sustainable cities,
  2. Technical report–city leaders guide,
  3. Technical report–KPIs definitions,
  4. Technical report–masterplan framework,
  5. Technical report–smart water management in cities,
  6. Technical report–SSC architecture,
  7. Technical report–ICTs for climate change adaptation,
  8. Technical report–multiservice infrastructure for SSC in new development areas,
  9. Technical report–smart buildings,
  10. Technical report–EMF,
  11. Technical report–anonymization infrastructure open data in SSC,
  12. Technical report–integrated management for SSC,
  13. Technical report–ICT infrastructure for resilience security,
  14. Technical report–smart sustainable cities infrastructure,
  15. Technical report–standardization roadmap,
  16. Technical report–standardization activities.

 

On the other hand, the ISO has developed the following standards, which may be useful while working on any or many verticals of a smart city:

ISO 10711:2012 Intelligent transport systems–Interface protocol and message set definition between traffic signal controllers and detectors ISO 17572-3:2015 Intelligent transport systems (ITS)–Location referencing for geographic databases–Part 3: Dynamic location references (dynamic profile)
ISO/TR 10992.2011  

Intelligent transport systems–Use of nomadic and portable devices to support ITS service and multimedia provision in vehicles

ISO 17573:2010 Electronic fee collection–Systems architecture for vehicle-related tolling
ISO 11067  

Intelligent transport systems–Curve speed warning systems (CSWS)–Performance requirements and test procedures

ISO/TS 17574:2009 Electronic fee collection–Guidelines for security protection profiles
ISO 11270:2014  

Intelligent transport systems–Lane keeping assistance systems (LKAS)– Performance requirements and test procedures

ISO/TS 17575-1:2010 Electronic fee collection–Application interface definition for autonomous systems–Part 1: Charging
ISO/TR 11766:2010  

Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–Security considerations for lawful interception

ISO/TS 17575-2:2010 Electronic fee collection–Application interface definition for autonomous systems–Part 2: Communication and connection to the lower layers
ISO/TR 11769:2010  

Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–Data retention for law enforcement

ISO/TS 17575-3:2011 Electronic fee collection–Application interface definition for autonomous systems–Part 3: Context data
ISO/TS 12813:2009  

Electronic fee collection–Compliance check communication for autonomous systems

ISO/TS 17575-4:2011 Electronic fee collection–Application interface definition for autonomous systems–Part 4: Roaming
ISO 12855:2012  

Electronic fee collection–information exchange between service provision and toll charging

ISO/PAS 17684:2003 Transport information and control systems–In-vehicle navigation systems–ITS message set translator to ASN.1 format definitions
ISO/TR 12859:2009  

Intelligent transport systems– System architecture–Privacy aspects in ITS standards and system

ISO 17687:2007 Transport information and control systems (TICS)–General fleet management and commercial freight operations–Data dictionary and message sets for electronic identification and monitoring of hazardous materials/dangerous goods transportation
ISO/TS 13140-1:2011  

Electronic fee collection– Evaluation of on-board and roadside equipment for conformity to ISO/TS 13141– Part 1: Test suite structure and test purposes

ISO/TS 17931:2013 Intelligent transport systems–Extension of map database specifications for local dynamic map for applications of cooperative ITS
ISO/TS 13140-2:2012  

Electronic fee collection–Evaluation of on-board and roadside equipment for conformity to ISO/TS 13141–Part 2: Abstract test suite

ISO/TS 18234-1:2013 Intelligent transport systems–Traffic and travel information via transport protocol experts group, generation 1 (TPEG1) binary data format–Part 1: Introduction, numbering, and versions (TPEG1-INV)
ISO/TS 13141:2010  

Electronic fee collection–Localization augmentation communication for autonomous systems

ISO/TS 18234-2:2013 Intelligent transport systems–Traffic and travel information via transport protocol experts group, generation 1 (TPEG1) binary data format–Part 2: Syntax, semantics, and framing structure (TPEG1-SSF)
ISO/TS 13143-1:2011 Parts 1 & 2  

Electronic fee collection–Evaluation of on-board and roadside equipment for conformity to ISO/TS 12813– Part 1: Test suite structure and test purposes

ISO/TS 18234-3:2013 Intelligent transport systems–Traffic and travel information via transport protocol experts group, generation 1 (TPEG1) binary data format–Part 3: Service and network information (TPEG1-SNI)
ISO 13183:2012  

Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–Using broadcast communications

ISO/TS 18234-4:2006 Traffic and travel information (TTI)–TTI via transport protocol expert group (TPEG) data-streams–Part 4: Road traffic message (RTM) application
ISO/TR 13184-1:2013  

Intelligent transport systems–Guidance protocol via personal ITS station for advisory safety systems–Part 1: General information and use case definitions

ISO/TS 18234-5:2006 Traffic and travel information (TTI)–TTI via transport protocol expert group (TPEG) data-streams–Part 5: Public transport information (PTI) application
ISO/TR 13185-1:2012  

Intelligent transport systems–Vehicle interface for provisioning and support of ITS services–Part 1: General information and use case definition

ISO/TS 18234-6:2006 Traffic and travel information (TTI)–TTI via transport protocol expert group (TPEG) data-streams–Part 6: Location referencing applications
ISO/TR 14806:2013  

Intelligent transport systems–Public transport requirements for the use of payment applications for fare media

ISO/TS 18234-7:2013 Intelligent transport systems–Traffic and travel information via transport protocol experts group, generation 1 (TPEG1) binary data format–Part 7: Parking information (TPEG1-PKI)
ISO 14813-1:2007  

Intelligent transport systems–Reference model architecture(s) for the ITS sector–Part 1: ITS service domains, service groups, and services

ISO/TS 18234-8:2012 Intelligent transport systems–Traffic and travel information via transport protocol experts group, generation 1 (TPEG1) binary data format–Part 8: Congestion and travel time application (TPEG1-CTT)
ISO 14813-5:2010  

Intelligent transport systems–Reference model architecture(s) for the ITS sector–Part 5: Requirements for architecture description in ITS standards

ISO/TS 18234-9:2013 Intelligent transport systems–Traffic and travel information via transport protocol experts group, generation 1 (TPEG1) binary data format–Part 9: Traffic event compact (TPEG1-TEC)
ISO 14813-6:2009  

Intelligent transport systems–Reference model architecture(s) for the ITS sector–Part 6: Data presentation in ASN.1

ISO/TS 18234-10:2013 Intelligent transport systems–Traffic and travel information via transport protocol experts group, generation 1 (TPEG1) binary data format–Part 10: Conditional access information (TPEG1-CAI)
ISO 14814:2006  

Road transport and traffic telematics–Automatic vehicle and equipment identification–Reference architecture and terminology

ISO/TS 18234-11:2013 Intelligent transport systems–Traffic and travel Information (TTI) via transport protocol experts group, generation 1 (TPEG1) binary data format–Part 11: Location referencing container (TPEG1-LRC)
ISO 14815:2005  

Road transport and traffic telematics–Automatic vehicle and equipment identification–System specifications

ISO/TS 20452:2007 Requirements and logical data model for a physical storage format (PSF) and an application program interface (API) and logical data organization for PSF used in intelligent transport systems (ITS) database technology
ISO 14816:2005  

Road transport and traffic telematics–Automatic vehicle and equipment identification–Numbering and data structure

ISO 21210:2012 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–IPv6 Networking
ISO 14817:2002  

Transport information and control systems–Requirements for an ITS/TICS central data registry and ITS/TICS data dictionaries

ISO 21212:2008 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–2G Cellular systems
ISO 14819-1:2013  

Intelligent transport systems–Traffic and travel information messages via traffic message coding–Part 1: Coding protocol for radio data system–Traffic message channel (RDS-TMC) using ALERT-C

ISO 21213:2008 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–3G Cellular systems
ISO 14819-2:2013  

Intelligent transport systems–Traffic and travel information messages via traffic message coding–Part 2: Event and information codes for radio data system–traffic message channel (RDS-TMC) using ALERT-C

ISO 21214:2006 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–Infra-red systems
ISO 14819-3:2013  

Intelligent transport systems–Traffic and travel information messages via traffic message coding–Part 3: Location referencing for radio data system–Traffic message channel (RDS-TMC) using ALERT-C

ISO 21215:2010 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–M5
ISO 14819-6:2006  

Traffic and Traveler Information (TTI)–TTI messages via traffic message coding –Part 6: Encryption and conditional access for the radio data system–Traffic message channel ALERT C coding

ISO 21216:2012 Intelligent transport systems–Communication access for land mobiles (CALM)–Millimeter wave air interface
ISO/TS 14823:2008  

Traffic and travel information–Messages via media independent stationary dissemination systems–Graphic data dictionary for pre-trip and in-trip information dissemination systems

ISO 21217:2014 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–Architecture
ISO 14825:2011  

Intelligent transport systems–Geographic data files (GDF)–GDF5.0

ISO 21218:2013 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–Access technology support
ISO 14827-1:2005  

Transport information and control systems–Data interfaces between centers for transport information and control systems–Part 1: Message definition requirements

ISO/TS 21219-2:2014 Intelligent transport systems–Traffic and travel information (TTI) via transport protocol experts group, generation 2 (TPEG2)–Part 2: UML modelling rules
ISO 14827-2:2005  

Transport information and control systems–Data interfaces between centers for transport information and control systems–Part 2: DATEX-ASN

ISO/TS 21219-3:2015 Intelligent transport system–Traffic and travel information (TTI) via transport protocol experts group, generation 2 (TPEG2)–Part 3: UML to binary conversion rules
ISO/TS 14904:2002  

Road transport and traffic telematics–Electronic fee collection (EFC)–Interface specification for clearing between operators

ISO/TS 21219-4:2015 Intelligent transport systems–Traffic and travel information (TTI) via transport protocol experts group, generation 2 (TPEG2)–Part 4: UML to XML conversion rules
ISO 14906:2011  

Electronic fee collection–Application interface definition for dedicated short-range communication

ISO/TS 21219-5:2015 Intelligent transport systems–Traffic and travel information (TTI) via transport protocol experts group, generation 2 (TPEG2)–Part 5: Service framework (TPEG2-SFW)
ISO/TS 14907-1:2010  

Electronic fee collection–Test procedures for user and fixed equipment–Part 1: Description of test procedures

ISO/TS 21219-6:2015 Intelligent transport systems–Traffic and travel information via transport protocol experts group, generation 2(TPEG2) –Part 6: Message management container (TPEG2-MMC)
ISO/TS 14907-2:2011  

Electronic fee collection–Test procedures for user and fixed equipment–Part 2: Conformance test for the onboard unit application interface

ISO/TS 21219-18:2015 Intelligent transport systems–Traffic and travel information (TTI) via transport protocol experts group, generation 2 (TPEG2)–Part 18: Traffic flow and prediction application (TPEG2-TFP)
ISO 15075:2003  

Transport information and control systems–In-vehicle navigation systems–Communications message set requirements

ISO/TR 21707:2008 Intelligent transport systems–Integrated transport information, management, and control–Data quality in ITS systems
ISO 15622:2010  

Intelligent transport systems–Adaptive cruise control systems–Performance requirements and test procedures

ISO 22178:2009 Intelligent transport systems–Low speed following (LSF) systems–Performance requirements and test procedures
ISO 15623:2013  

Intelligent transport systems–Forward vehicle collision warning system– Performance requirements and test procedures

ISO 22179:2009 Intelligent transport systems–Full speed range adaptive cruise control (FSRA) systems–Performance requirements and test procedures
ISO/TS 15624:2001  

Transport information and control systems–Traffic impediment warning systems (TIWS)–System requirements

ISO 22837:2009 Vehicle probe data for wide area communications
ISO 15628:2013  

Intelligent transport systems –Dedicated short range communication (DSRC)–DSRC application layer

ISO 22839:2013 Intelligent transport systems–Forward vehicle collision mitigation systems–Operation, performance, and verification requirements
ISO 15638-1:2012  

Intelligent transport systems–Framework for collaborative telematics applications for regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV)–Part 1: Framework and architecture

ISO 22840:2010 Intelligent transport systems–Devices to aid reverse maneuvers–Extended-range backing aid systems (ERBA)
ISO 15638-2:2013  

Intelligent transport systems–Framework for collaborative telematics applications for regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV)–Part 2: Common platform parameters using CALM

ISO 22951:2009 Data dictionary and message sets for preemption and prioritization signal systems for emergency and public transport vehicles (PRESTO)
ISO 15638-3:2013  

Intelligent transport systems–Framework for collaborative telematics applications for regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV)–Part 3: Operating requirements, “Approval authority” procedures and enforcement provisions for the providers of regulated services

ISO 24014-1:2007 Public transport–Interoperable fare management system–Part 1: Architecture
ISO 15638-5:2013  

Intelligent transport systems–Framework for collaborative telematics applications for regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV)–Part 5: Generic vehicle information

ISO/TR 24014-2:2013 Public transport–Interoperable fare management system–Part 2: Business practices
ISO 15638-6:2014  

Intelligent transport systems–Framework for collaborative telematics applications for regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV)–Part 6: Regulated applications

ISO/TR 24014-3:2013 Public transport–Interoperable fare management system–Part 3: Complementary concepts to part 1 for multi-application media
ISO 15638-7:2013  

Intelligent transport systems–Framework for collaborative telematics applications for regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV)–Part 7: Other applications

ISO 24097-1:2009 Intelligent transport systems–Using web services (machine-machine delivery) for ITS service delivery–Part 1: Realization of interoperable web services
ISO 15638-8:2014  

Intelligent transport systems–Framework for cooperative telematics applications for regulated vehicles (TARV)–Part 8: Vehicle access management

ISO/TR 24098:2007 Intelligent transport systems–System architecture, taxonomy, and terminology–Procedures for developing ITS deployment plans utilizing ITS system architecture
ISO/TS 15638-9:2013  

Intelligent transport systems–Framework for collaborative telematics applications for regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV)–Part 9: Remote electronic tachograph monitoring (RTM)

ISO 24099:2011 Navigation data delivery structures and protocols
ISO/TS 15638-10:2013  

Intelligent transport systems–Framework for collaborative telematics applications for regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV)–Part 10: Emergency messaging system/eCall (EMS)

ISO 24100:2010 Intelligent transport systems–Basic principles for personal data protection in probe vehicle information services
ISO 15638-11:2014  

Intelligent transport systems–Framework for cooperative telematics applications for regulated vehicles (TARV)–Part 11: Driver work records

ISO 24101-1:2008 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–Application management–Part 1: General requirements
ISO 15638-12:2014  

Intelligent transport systems–Framework for cooperative telematics applications for regulated vehicles (TARV)–Part 12: Vehicle mass monitoring

ISO 24101-2:2010 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–Application management–Part 2: Conformance test
ISO 15638-14:2014  

Intelligent transport systems–Framework for cooperative telematics applications for regulated vehicles (TARV)–Part 14: Vehicle access control

ISO 24102:2010 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–Management
ISO 15638-15:2014  

Intelligent transport systems–Framework for cooperative telematics applications for regulated vehicles (TARV)–Part 15: Vehicle location monitoring

ISO 24102-1:2013 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–ITS station management–Part 1: Local management
ISO 15638-16:2014  

Intelligent transport systems–Framework for cooperative telematics applications for regulated vehicles (TARV)–Part 16: Vehicle speed monitoring

ISO 24102-3:2013 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–ITS station management–Part 3: Service access points
ISO 15638-17:2014  

Intelligent transport systems–Framework for cooperative telematics applications for regulated vehicles (TARV)–Part 17: Consignment and location monitoring

ISO 24102-4:2013 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–ITS station management–Part 4: Station-internal management communications
ISO/TS 15638-18:2013  

Intelligent transport systems–Framework for collaborative telematics applications for regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV)–Part 18: ADR (dangerous goods) transport monitoring (ADR)

ISO 24102-5:2013 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–ITS station management–Part 5: Fast service advertisement protocol (FSAP)
ISO/TS 15638-19:2013  

Intelligent transport systems–Framework for collaborative telematics applications for regulated commercial freight vehicles (TARV)–Part 19: Vehicle parking facilities (VPF)

ISO 24103:2009 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–Media adapted interface layer (MAIL)
ISO 15662:2006  

Intelligent transport systems–Wide area communication–Protocol management information

ISO/TR 24529:2008 Intelligent transport systems–Systems architecture–Use of unified modeling language (UML) in ITS international standards and deliverables
ISO 15784-1:2008  

Intelligent transport systems (ITS)–Data exchange involving roadside modules communication–Part 1: General principles and documentation framework of application profiles

ISO/TS 24530-1:2006 Traffic and travel Information (TTI)–TTI via transport protocol experts group (TPEG) extensible markup language (XML)–Part 1: Introduction, common data types, and tpegML
ISO 15784-3:2008  

Intelligent transport systems (ITS)–Data exchange involving roadside modules communication–Part 3: Application profile-data exchange (AP-DATEX)

ISO/TS 24530-2:2006 Traffic and travel information (TTI)–TTI via transport protocol experts group (TPEG) extensible markup language (XML)–Part 2: tpeg-locML
ISO/TS 16401-1:2012  

Electronic fee collection–Evaluation of equipment for conformity to ISO/TS 17575-2–Part 1: Test suite structure and test purposes

ISO/TS 24530-3:2006 Traffic and travel information (TTI)–TTI via transport protocol experts group (TPEG) extensible markup language (XML)–Part 3: tpeg-rtmML
ISO/TS 16401-2:2012  

Electronic fee collection–Evaluation of equipment for conformity to ISO/TS 17575-2–Part 2: Abstract test suite

ISO/TS 24530-4:2006 Traffic and travel information (TTI)–TTI via transport protocol experts group (TPEG) extensible markup language (XML)–Part 4: tpeg-ptiML
ISO/TS 16403-1:2012  

Electronic fee collection–Evaluation of equipment for conformity to ISO/TS 17575-4–Part 1: Test suite structure and test purposes

ISO 24531:2013 Intelligent transport systems–System architecture, taxonomy, and terminology–Using XML in ITS standards, data registries, and data dictionaries
ISO/TS 16403-2:2012  

Electronic fee collection–Evaluation of equipment for conformity to ISO/TS 17575-4–Part 2: Abstract test suite

ISO/TR 24532:2006 Intelligent transport systems–Systems architecture, taxonomy, and terminology–Using CORBA (common object request broker architecture) in ITS standards, data registries, and data dictionaries
ISO/TS 16407-1:2011  

Electronic fee collection–Evaluation of equipment for conformity to ISO/TS 17575-1–Part 1: Test suite structure and test purposes

ISO/TS 24533:2012 Intelligent transport systems–Electronic information exchange to facilitate the movement of freight and its intermodal transfer–Road transport information exchange methodology
ISO/TS 16407-2:2012  

Electronic fee collection–Evaluation of equipment for conformity to ISO/TS 17575-1–Part 2: Abstract test suite

ISO 24534-1:2010 Automatic vehicle and equipment identification–Electronic registration identification (ERI) for vehicles–Part 1: Architecture
ISO/TS 16410-1:2011  

Electronic fee collection –Evaluation of equipment for conformity to ISO/TS 17575-3 –Part 1: Test suite structure and test purposes

ISO 24534-2:2010 Automatic vehicle and equipment identification–Electronic registration identification (ERI) for vehicles–Part 2: Operational requirements
ISO/TS 16410-2:2012  

Electronic fee collection–Evaluation of equipment for conformity to ISO/TS 17575-3–Part 2: Abstract test suite

ISO 24534-3:2010 Automatic vehicle and equipment identification–Electronic registration identification (ERI) for vehicles–Part 3: Vehicle data
ISO/TS 16785:2014  

Electronic fee collection (EFC)–Interface definition between DSRC-OBE and external in-vehicle devices

ISO 24534-4:2010 Automatic vehicle and equipment identification–Electronic registration identification (ERI) for vehicles–Part 4: Secure communications using asymmetrical techniques
ISO 17185-1:2014  

Intelligent transport systems–Public transport user information–Part 1: Standards framework for public information systems

ISO 24534-5:2011 Intelligent transport systems–Automatic vehicle and equipment identification–Electronic registration identification (ERI) for vehicles–Part 5: Secure communications using symmetrical techniques
ISO/TS 17187:2013  

Intelligent transport systems–Electronic information exchange to facilitate the movement of freight and its intermodal transfer–Governance rules to sustain electronic information exchange methods

ISO 24535:2007 Intelligent transport systems–Automatic vehicle identification–Basic electronic registration identification (basic ERI)
ISO 17261:2012  

Intelligent transport systems–Automatic vehicle and equipment identification–Intermodal goods transport architecture and terminology

ISO 24978:2009 Intelligent transport systems–ITS safety and emergency messages using any available wireless media–Data registry procedures
ISO 17262:2012  

Intelligent transport systems–Automatic vehicle and equipment identification–Numbering and data structures

ISO/TR 25100:2012 Intelligent transport systems–Systems architecture–Harmonization of ITS data concepts
ISO 17263:2012  

Intelligent transport systems–Automatic vehicle and equipment identification–System parameters

ISO/TR 25102:2008 Intelligent transport systems–System architecture–“Use case” pro-forma template
ISO 17264:2009  

Intelligent transport systems–Automatic vehicle and equipment identification–Interfaces

ISO/TR 25104:2008 Intelligent transport systems–System architecture, taxonomy, terminology, and data modeling–Training requirements for ITS architecture
ISO 17267:2009  

Intelligent transport systems–Navigation systems–Application programming interface (API)

ISO/TS 25110:2013 Electronic fee collection–Interface definition for on-board account using integrated circuit card (ICC)
ISO 17361:2007  

Intelligent transport systems–Lane departure warning systems–Performance requirements and test procedures

ISO 25111:2009 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM) –General requirements for using public networks
ISO/TR 17384:2008  

Intelligent transport systems–Interactive centrally determined route guidance (CDRG)–Air interface message set, contents, and format

ISO 25112:2010 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–Mobile wireless broadband using IEEE 802.16
ISO 17386:2010  

Transport information and control systems–Maneuvering aids for low speed operation (MALSO)–Performance requirements and test procedures

ISO 25113:2010 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–Mobile wireless broadband using HC-SDMA
ISO 17387:2008  

Intelligent transport systems–Lane change decision aid systems (LCDAS)– Performance requirements and test procedures

ISO/TS 25114:2010 Intelligent transport systems–Probe data reporting management (PDRM)
ISO/TS 17419:2014  

Intelligent transport systems–Cooperative systems–Classification and management of ITS applications in a global context

ISO 26683-1:2013 Intelligent transport systems–Freight land conveyance content identification and communication–Part 1: Context, architecture, and referenced standards
ISO/TS 17423:2014  

Intelligent transport systems–Cooperative systems–ITS application requirements and objectives for selection of communication profiles

ISO 26683-2:2013 Intelligent transport systems–Freight land conveyance content identification and communication–Part 2: Application interface profiles
ISO/TS 17427:2014  

Intelligent transport systems–Cooperative systems–Roles and responsibilities in the context of cooperative ITS based on architecture(s) for cooperative systems

ISO/TR 26999:2012 Intelligent transport systems–Systems architecture–Use of process-oriented methodology in ITS international standards and other deliverables
ISO/TS 17444-1:2012  

Electronic fee collection–Charging performance–Part 1: Metrics

ISO/TR 28682:2008 Intelligent transport systems–Joint APEC-ISO study of progress to develop and deploy ITS standards
ISO/TS 17444-2:2013  

Electronic fee collection–Charging performance–Part 2: Examination framework

ISO 29281-1:2013 Intelligent transport systems–Communication access for land mobiles (CALM)–Non-IP networking–Part 1: Fast networking and transport layer protocol (FNTP)
ISO/TR 17452:2007  

Intelligent transport systems–Using UML for defining and documenting ITS/TICS interfaces

ISO 29281-2:2013 Intelligent transport systems –Communication access for land mobiles (CALM)–Non-IP networking–Part 2: Legacy system support
ISO/TR 17465-1:2014  

Intelligent transport systems–Cooperative ITS–Part 1: Terms and definitions

ISO 29282:2011 Intelligent transport systems–Communications access for land mobiles (CALM)–Satellite networks
ISO 17572-1:2015  

Intelligent transport systems (ITS)–Location referencing for geographic databases–Part 1: General requirements and conceptual model

ISO 29283:2011 ITS CALM mobile wireless broadband applications using communications in accordance with IEEE 802.20
ISO 17572-2:2015  

Intelligent transport systems (ITS)–Location referencing for geographic databases–Part 2: Pre-coded location references (pre-coded profile)

ISO/TS 29284:2012 Intelligent transport systems–Event-based probe vehicle data

 

Despite having so many industry and application standards in various verticals of a smart city, there is a strong need for the development of comprehensive standards that will encompass all of the competing technologies and protocols to best fit end-user demands and aspirations. In the smart city business there is nothing which is “one size fits all.”

Hence, the rush for standardization seems to be endless.

[1] [Online]. Available: http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/focusgroups/ssc/Pages/default.aspx

[2] [Online]. Available: https://www.itu.int/…/ITU…/web-fg-ssc-0274-r4technical_report_standardization_roadmap.doc


anil-roy-01-resizedDr. Anil Roy

anilkroy@ieee.org

http://faculty.daiict.ac.in/anil-roy/

Dr. Anil Roy is an alumnus of IIT Delhi (India) from where he earned his Ph.D. in Physics in the area of Quantum Optics in 1993. He also worked at the Centre for Theoretical Studies at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, and with the Optical Fiber group at IIT Delhi, prior to joining DA-IICT (his current organization, www.daiict.ac.in) as a faculty member in 2003. His main academic interest areas are fiber optics, semiconductor physics, and applications of image processing and technologies for humanitarian challenges. He is a senior member of IEEE. He is a member of IEEE ComSoc, SPS, SSCS, CIS, and the IEEE Sensors Council, Nanotechnology Council, and Internet of Things (IoT) Technical Community. He is a Member-at-Large of the IEEE Sensors Council for 2015–2016.

* For example, Facebook provided support in terms of SDK Tools that promoted the development of millions of APIs that helped the complete ecosystem grow around it.

 

[1] [Online]. Available: http://www.standardsuniversity.org/trystandards/

[2] [Online]. Available: http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/focusgroups/ssc/Pages/default.aspx

[3] [Online]. Available: https://www.itu.int/…/ITU…/web-fg-ssc-0274-r4technical_report_standardization_roadmap.doc